Stop using picklists on forms if you want good quality data
Common wisdom and best practice in marketing a dime a dozen. Many of them sound perfectly logical and intuitive, but the results often don’t validate the hypothesis. The data often tells a different story. Today we will discuss one of these “best practice,” the use of picklists on marketing sign up forms.
The “Best Practice”
Many companies use picklists on their sign-up forms. Picklists are often used for country and state fields, and often for job function and job level instead of asking for job title. The reasoning for using picklists instead of free-form text fields is as follows:
- Enforce data standardization, so you have “United States,” instead of “USA,” “U.S.A.,” and “US.”
- Simplify data entry for the prospect.
- Most companies don’t have the ability to properly segment unstructured job title data into job function and job level, so just ask for those structured fields directly.
Sounds intuitively correct in theory, but your database tells a different story. The use of picklists on forms can significantly degrade your data quality and make data clean up much harder, harder than if you didn’t collect those data in the first place. How can that be?
What Your Data Says
Before we drill into why picklists actually ruin your data quality, let’s present the evidence. We often find these data quality issues in our customer’s database:
- A disproportionate number of records are located in the form’s default country (e.g. US) or Afghanistan
- A disproportionate number of US records are located in Alabama
- In more severe cases, when the forms do not have proper field dependencies built-in, then you have a bunch of records with locations like “San Francisco, Alabama, Afghanistan,” or “Toronto, Ontario, United States”
- Job level data is often inflated from what the actual job levels are, especially a large number of middle managers have job level of “executive”
- The most common job function is “other”
Why Picklists Create Bad Data
The cause of these bad data can be traced back to one of two human behaviors:
- Prospects who don’t want to give you their data, so they intentionally put down wrong data.
- Prospect who are either too busy, too lazy, or just don’t want to bother to fill out the form properly. After all, as long as the prospect gives you a good email address so they can receive your communication, what incentive does one have to give you accurate data like address and job function? None.
In the case of a prospect who provides fake data, picklist or free form text is irrelevant, as they give you equally bad data.
In the case of busy, lazy, or don’t want to bother prospects, a picklist simply makes it easy for them to provide you bad data.
Why Picklists Often Lead to Pick First
The reason “default country” or “Afghanistan” are often the wrong country, is simply that they are the first value of the country picklist. Same reason why Alabama is the most popular wrong state. If you don’t put United States on the top of the picklist, then your US prospects have to scroll through 200 values looking for United States. If you do put United States on the top of the list, then your non-US prospects will likely just pick that instead of scrolling through looking for their country. This problem is further exacerbated for prospects filling out your form on a mobile device, where scrolling is even more painful and they are more likely to have even less patience.
Job Titles Don’t Necessarily Reflect Job Level or Job Function
When it comes to inflated job level, it’s just human nature people often like to think they are more senior than they are or at least according to standardized job levels. Want proof? Just do a search for “Product Executive,” “Marketing Executive,” “Sales Executive” on LinkedIn. How many of these people are actually VP or above managers? Then there is the oddity of financial services, where VP is a first-level manager.
The reason the most common job function is “other” is because most job function picklists are not comprehensive enough for many prospects to find a good match. The flip side of this problem is that if you make the job function picklist too long, then nobody wants to read through the whole list, so they pick “other”, or worse yet, a random job function from the list.
No Data is Better Than Picklists
These particular data quality problems are the most tricky to identify and fix. If you have no data at all, you would be happy to use data from an enrichment vendor. Most companies are hesitant to overwrite the data they have. So in order to overwrite bad data with good data, you have to determine that the data is bad in the first place. And if the enrichment vendor’s data is different than what you have, then you have to determine if their data is better than yours. While “San Francisco, Alabama, Afghanistan” is easy for a human being to say it looks suspect, it’s not obvious to a machine. And “Monroe, Alabama, US” is not obviously good or bad to most people. Some of these bad data combinations are even too confusing for Google Maps to decipher.
A Better “Best Practice”
Instead of picklists, we recommend you use free-form text instead. How is that better?
- Remove the easy option to create bad data.
- It takes creativity and effort to make up fake data, so most people will just enter accurate data.
- Many people use a web browser’s auto form-fill feature, which doesn’t work with picklists and makes accurate form filling effortless.
- It’s always good to get a prospect’s actual job title, so you can create more personalized communication. Hey, if a person fancies the job title of “Growth Hacker,” don’t address him as “Marketing Manager.”
Your free-form data then can be cleaned, standardized with your favorite data orchestration/management/enrichment tool. You should have these data technologies anyway because data can be collected into your database from more than just forms. You likely have these data entry points:
- Manual list loads
- CRM direct entries
- Machine loads
- API inserts
So don’t make it easy for your prospects to give you bad data. Just remember, beyond email address, they have ZERO INCENTIVE to give you more data.